When visiting Rome, it’s impossible to miss the Roman Forum; one of the city’s most popular attractions and worthwhile to dedicate a small portion of your time to. This site, also known as the Forum Romanum, is the one place where you can find several historical landmarks all in the same area. Today it is the center of historical buildings such as basilicas, triumphal arches and temples, all dating back to different periods of time. Since 509 BC till the fall of the Roman Empire about 1000 years later, this Forum was Rome’s political and public life center, it was simply the heart of the city.
The best way to explore all these great Roman ruins, is by an imperial tour, which will take you in the forum and around it. For more information about the tour and the Roman Forum, check our video guides, and learn more about sites of interest in the historical forum of Rome and other landmarks in the area.
Exploring the Roman Forum in Rome
Visit the southern edge of the Forum, there you will see the Regia, which is the ancient former residence for kings and royal figures, built in the 8th century and was destroyed by fire and earthquake. Visit the 50 room-palace which was the residence of the Vestal Virgins, located next to the Temple of Vestal, famous for its circular footprint. You’ll notice that the entrance to the temple is facing east, this is not random! It’s a symbolic feature to emphasize the connection between the fire of Vesta and the sun. Visit the old Senate, on the north west side of the forum. Don’t miss the Basilica Julia, built by Julius Caesar, in front of the Basilica Sempronia. Another Basilica in the forum is the Basilica Amelia, also located on the north side, which featured 16 arches on the two sides of the building. Take a look on the Tabularium and walk through the 220 feet long corridor, and series of arches decorating. Since you’re already there, check the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus. This is one of the most visited temples in the Roman Forum in Rome!
You can see that the list of attractions in the Forum is long! So make sure you dedicate a day to explore the whole area, and other attractions around, such as the Colosseum, the Capitoline Museums, or the Palatine Hill.